چالش‌های فرارسی فناورانه در صنعت هسته‌ای و توسعه الگوی قابلیت‌سازی در این صنعت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای سیاست‌گذاری علم وفناوری، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران.

2 دانشیارگروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jstp.2022.13936

چکیده

توسعه کاربردهای فناوری‌های هسته‌ای در حوزه‌های انرژی، پزشکی، کشاورزی و صنعتی در سال‌های اخیر موجب توجه کشورها به نوآوری هسته‌ای شده‌است. باتوجه به این‌که ورود به این صنعت نیازمند سرمایه‌گذاری‌های کلان، پرریسک و بلندمدت است باید برای کاهش ریسک ورود، از تجارب سایر کشورها الگوبرداری شود. در پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارائه الگوی توسعه قابلیتهای صنعت‌هسته‌ای از منظر نظریه فرارسی فناورانه ، مبتنی بر تجربه کشور کره‌جنوبی و توسعه آن با تجربه سایر کشورهای پیشرو، از مرور نظام‌مند برای جمع‌آوری منابع و از روش تحلیل مضمون برای تحلیل آن استفاده شده‌است. بدین منظور با جستجو در پایگاه داده‌ای اسکوپوس حول موضوع «نوآوری و فرارسی در صنعت‌هسته‌ای» مجموعا ۲۱7 منبع داده‌ای یافت‌شد که پس از چندمرحله غربال‌گری ۱6 مقاله اصلی مرتبط جهت بررسی عمیق‌تر بدست آمد. با مرور دقیق این مقالات و تحلیل مضامین، الگویی مشتمل بر مؤلفه‌های «نظام نوآوری»، «بازبودن» و «نظام حکمرانی» برای توسعه نوآوری هسته‌ای و فرارسی فناورانه بدست آمد. در ادامه این الگو براساس نظر متخصصین داخلی، با شرایط صنعت‌هسته‌ای ایران اصلاح شد. نتایج نشان داد برای عبور از دو چالش اساسی در توسعه صنعت‌هسته‌ای یعنی «ضعف هماهنگی درونی بازیگران صنعت» و «ارتباط ضعیف صنعت با بازار و محیط بیرونی» باید تغییراتی در هر سه مؤلفه الگو ایجاد شود تا براساس تسهیل یادگیری زمینه فرارسی فناورانه در این صنعت فراهم شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technological Catch-up Challenges in the Nuclear Industry and the Development of the Proposed Capability Building Pattern in this Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Amin Fakhimi 1
  • Fatemeh Saghafi 2
1 PhD candidate, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The development of nuclear technologies in the fields of energy, medicine, agriculture and industry in recent years has led to the pursuit of nuclear innovation by many countries. This is faced with obstacles such as the need for cost, time, and special infrastructure. The present study aims to provide an overview of the challenges and policies for the development of innovation in the nuclear industry of south korea and develope by other leading countries. A systematic review of scientific publications about "innovation in the nuclear industry" was used as the research method. For this purpose, after a search in Scopus 217 data sources were found, which after screening 16 articles remained. Examining the barriers and policy acts related to the development of nuclear innovation and technological catch-up in this industry shows that to overcome the two obstacles, "weak internal coordination of nuclear sectors" and "weak commercialization of nuclear products", the industry needs changes in the nuclear governance, diplomacy and innovation systems. Thus, the policies presented under these factors can lead to technological catch-up in the Iranian nuclear industry. The results showed that although foreign sanctions have created barriers to technology transfer, self-sanctions and the use of closed governance in this industry are the main barriers to transfer. On the other hand, similar to many other Iranian industries, the lack of attention to international marketing ( through holding exhibitions with the aim of attracting customers, especially from neighboring countries) has made it the main way of providing financial resources from public budget of the country. Meanwhile, industrial nuclear technologies are attractive and have a growing market in the world. In addition, lack of institutional coherence and lack of integrated policy and planning is another important factor.
In this research, there were two limitations : 1) the lack of access to Iran's nuclear data and 2) the small number of complete and successful global experiments. The authors recommend some studies for future researches : 1 ) Analysis of the requirements and aspects of technological cooperation projects in the International Atomic Energy Agency for Iran " , 2 ) " Evaluation of the capabilities of the industry in the development of the export of radiopharmaceuticals and non-power products to the countries of the West Asian region " and 3 ) " Analysis of the core industry innovation system focusing on the functions of research guidance, knowledge transfer and market development " .
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nuclear Innovation
  • Technological capabilities
  • Commercialization
  • Technological Catch-up
  • Pattern
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