نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد گروه فلسفه دانشگاه اصفهان و دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشیار گروه فلسفه دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, distrust of science and technology has increased due to the application of policies that conflict with the interests of citizens. Democratizing of Science and Technology Policy-Making has always been a solution in these years. Yet, it is plausible to ask whether it is necessary to incorporate democratic values and ideals into the process of scientific activity. And how should scientific institutions and procedures be organized to protect the interests of citizens in a democratic society? Philip Kitcher, a contemporary British philosopher of science, believes that scientific activity in a democratic society must be open to the inclusion of democratic values. He claims that he has been able to put forward a mechanism- with a philosophical basis- for satisfying the aforementioned norms by designing a well-ordered science program, so making a compromise between scientific activity elitist values -Objectivity and Scientific goal- and democratic values –freedom and equality. This paper aims to explain and examine well-ordered science as a program for democratizing science and technology policy-making. In this regard, components such as the relation of value and science and scientific Significance, as the most important philosophical foundations, and Kitcher’s understanding of democracy as a key element of his program have been thoroughly explained. And in two parts, ideal of well-ordered science and kitcher's understanding of democracy, a relatively comprehensive assessment of the arguments put forward for this project has been offered. Finally, it is argued that Kitcher's argument for defending the program of well-ordered science, on the one hand, is theoretically unjustifiable and on the other hand, by the introduction of some kind of elitism, is practically unsuccessful.