استخراج سیاست‌های توسعه توانمندی‌های فناورانه شرکت‌های اکتشاف و تولید ایرانی در حوزه ازدیاد برداشت نفت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت پیشرفت، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده مهندسی پیشرفت، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

چکیده

علی‌رغم این‌که ایران جزو بزرگترین کشورهای دارنده ذخایر نفت و گاز جهان است، اما از منظر فناوری‌های بالادستی نفت، همواره دارای مشکلاتی بوده و شرکت‌های اکتشاف و تولید ایرانی جایگاه قابل ملاحظه‌ای به لحاظ سطح توانمندی فناورانه به خصوص در حوزه مهم ازدیاد برداشت نفت دنیا ندارند. در کنار عوامل متعدد در سطوح خرد و صنعت، سیاستگذاری مناسب و حمایت دولتی در سطح کلان اهمیت ویژه‌ای در توسعه توانمندی فناورانه شرکت‌های داخلی دارد. به این منظور، مقاله حاضر به استخراج و ارزیابی مهمترین سیاست‌های کلان برای توسعه فناورانه شرکت‌های اکتشاف و تولید در حوزه ازدیاد برداشت نفت پرداخته است. ابتدا با استفاده از روش تحلیل مضمون، سیاست‌های به‌کار گرفته شده و تجربیات موفق کشورهای دیگر با مرور جامع ادبیات استخراج شد، سپس با به‌کارگیری روش مدلسازی ساختاری تفسیری و بر اساس نظرات خبرگان اکتشاف و تولید ایران، این سیاست‌ها برای فعالیت‌های ازدیاد برداشت نفت صنعت نفت ویژه‌سازی شده و در قالب مدلی سطح‌بندی شده و روابط بین آن‌ها مشخص شد. تقویت ارتباط صنعت و دانشگاه، مشوق‌های مالی برای فعالیت‌های تحقیق و توسعه شرکت‌ها، ایجاد موسسات تحقیق و توسعه دولتی، ایجاد پیوند با شرکت‌های بین‌المللی و جذب و دانش فناورانه آن‌ها، سیاست جایگزینی واردات و حفاظت از بازار داخلی، و تجاری کردن نوآوری‌های شرکت‌ها و حمایت از آن‌ها از مهمترین سیاست‌های کلان استخراج‌شده از نتایج این پژوهش هستند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Extracting Policies for Technological Capability Development of Iranian E&P Companies in EOR Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sina Tarighi 1
  • Saeed Shavvalpour 2
  • Yasser Sobhanifard 2
1 Ph.D Candidate of Technology Management, Progress Engineering Department, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran.Iran
2 Assisstant Professor, Progress Engineering Department, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran.Iran
چکیده [English]

Despite the fact that Iran is one of the biggest owners of the oil and gas reserves of the world, but in terms of upstream oil technologies have always had problems and Iranian exploration and production companies do not have a significant position in terms of technological capability, especially in the important field of enhanced oil recovery. Along with various factors at the micro and industrial levels, appropriate policy-making and government support at the macro level are of particular importance in developing the technological capabilities of domestic companies. To this end, the present study has extracted and evaluated the most important macro policies for the technological development of exploration and production companies. First, using the content analysis method, the applied policies and successful experiences of other countries were extracted by a comprehensive review of the literature. Then, using the interpretive structural modeling method and based on the opinions of Iranian exploration and production experts, the extracted policies were classified and the relationships between them were identified. Strengthening the relationship between industry and university, financial incentives for firms’ R&D activities, establishing government-sponsored R&D institutions, linkages with international companies and absorbing their technological knowledge, local content and import substitution policy and protection of the domestic market, and commercializing firms’ innovations And supporting them are the most important macro policies extracted from the results of this study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology policy
  • Government Support
  • Technological Capability
  • Exploration and Production
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery
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