تحلیل و بررسی فهم عمومی از فناوری نانو در بین دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

2 پژوهشگر پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوری، تهران

10.22034/jstp.2021.14.2.1347

چکیده

آگاهی عمومی مردم نسبت به علم و فناوری در موفقیت و توسعه فناوری در جامعه تأثیرگذار است و لذا مطالعه شناخت و نگرش مردم به علم و فناوری بسیار اهمیت دارد. در این میان، فناوری نانو به عنوان یک فناوری با قابلیت فوق العاده برای تولید طیف متنوعی از محصولات در حوزه­های مختلف تلقی می شود. لذا فهم عمومی مردم نسبت به این فناوری در توسعه آن تاثیرگذار خواهد بود. هدف اصلی این پژوهش ارائه چارچوبی برای تحلیل و ارزیابی فهم عمومی از فناوری نانو در ایران بر اساس ابعاد مختلف و اجرای پیمایشی در این زمینه است. بر این اساس، پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی بوده و برای انجام آن از روش مطالعات کتابخانه­ای (برای شناسایی ابعاد مختلف و تدوین چارچوب فهم عمومی نانوفناوری) و پیمایش (برای اجرای نسخه راهنما بر اساس چارچوب پیشنهادی) استفاده شده است. ابزارهای پیمایش نیز مصاحبه و پرسشنامه بوده است، که پرسشنامه آن، مجموعه‌ای از شاخص‌های فهم عمومی از علم و فناوری را در برمی‌گیرد. نتایج پژوهش نشان می­دهد که میان ادراک دانشجویان از مخاطرات و مزایای فناوری نانو و همچنین میزان آشنایی دانشجویان رشته‌های مختلف با فناوری نانو تفاوت وجود دارد؛ همچنین در میان متغیرهای جمعیت­شناختی، جنسیت و گرایش مذهبی به ترتیب از جمله متغیرهای تأثیرگذار بر آشنایی و اعتماد به فناوری نانو بوده­اند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing and Examining the Public Understanding of Nanotechnology among University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Amin Ghanei Rad 1
  • Arman Khaledi 2
  • Shohreh Nasri 2
1 National Research Institute for Science Policy, Tehran, Iran.
2 Researcher at Technology Studies Institute, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Public understanding of science and technology is influential in the success and development of technology in society. Therefore, studying the knowledge and attitude of people towards science and technology is very important. Meanwhile, nanotechnology is considered as a technology with tremendous potential to produce a diverse range of products in various fields. Therefore, public understanding of this technology will be effective in its development. The main purpose of this study is to provide a framework for analyzing and evaluating the public understanding of nanotechnology in Iran based on various dimensions and conduct a survey in this field. The present research is descriptive and to conduct it, library studies (to identify different dimensions and provide a public understanding of nanotechnology) and survey (to implement the guide based on the proposed framework) have been used. The survey tools were also interviews and questionnaires, which include a set of indicators of public understanding of science and technology. Finally, the results of the present study in each of the dimensions of proposed framework were compared with the results of different studies and the differences and similarities regarding the achievements of different studies were presented. The results show that there is a difference between students' perceptions of the risks and benefits of nanotechnology and also the degree of familiarity of students in different fields with nanotechnology; Also, among the demographic variables, gender and religious orientation were among the variables affecting familiarity and trust in nanotechnology, respectively.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Public Understanding of Science And Technology
  • Public perception of science and technology
  • Deficit Model
  • Engagement model
  • Nanotechnology
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