"امر موقت" و توسعه هویت حرفه‌ای دانشجویان دکتری در ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی فرهنگی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران

چکیده

در چند سال اخیر، تعداد دانشجویان دکتری افزایش یافته است. این پدیده، نگرش به فعالیت­ها و جایگاه دانشجویان دکتری را تغییر داده و بر فرآیند توسعه هویت حرفه­ای آنها تأثیر گذاشته است. در همین راستا این پژوهش سعی دارد توسعه هویت حرفه­ای دانشجویان دکتری علوم اجتماعی را بررسی کند. روش تحقیق، نظریه مبنایی است. این مقاله خوانشی عمل­گرایانه از روش نظریه مبنایی دارد و مدلی برای منطق کشف آن با استفاده از قیاس محتمل ارائه کرده است که نقش محقق و مفاهیم موجود در پیشینه نظری تحقیق در مراحل مختلف گردآوری و تفسیر داده­ها را روشن می­کند. داده­ها از طرق مصاحبه با 15 نفر از دانشجویان رشته­های علوم اجتماعی در دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی گردآوری شده‌اند. یافته­های تحقیق نشان­دهنده عدم تعیّن هویت حرفه­ای دانشجویان دکتری است. دانشجویان در حوزه‌های مختلف به صورت موقت، فعالیت‌های متنوعی انجام می­دهند که واکنشی به فقدان چشم­انداز موقعیت حرفه­ای آنها است. فعالیت­های متنوع و موقت دانشجویان دکتری در زمینه­های مختلف با مفهوم نظری «امر موقت» توضیح داده شده است تا بتوان تنوع کنش­های دانشجویان را در سطح تجربی توضیح داد. به طور خلاصه «امر موقت»، موقعیت زمانی بین حال و آینده نا­معلوم است. این موقعیت ابهام‌آمیز، شکننده و سیّال است. فرد در این موقعیت نمی­تواند نقش و جایگاه خود را در آینده تشخیص دهد. بنابراین به تناسب نیاز و برآوردهای ذهنی خود آموزش­های متفاوتی ­می­بیند و فعالیت­های مختلفی در میدان­های مختلف انجام می‌دهد. بر این اساس عدم تعیّن هویت حرفه­ای، تاکتیک ارادی دانشجو برای رویارویی با «امر موقت» است.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

“The Temporary” and Developing the Theory of Doctoral Student Professional Identity in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Rahim Yousefi Aghdam
Ph.D. candidate in cultural sociology, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In recent years the number of doctoral students in Iran have been increased. This phenomena has changed the attitude toward status and activity of doctoral students and hence has affected their professional identity development process. Accordingly this study aims to investigate the professional identity development of social science PhD students. Grounded theory is a method of this study. By a pragmatic reading of grounded theory, this study propose a Abductive model as a logic of discovery of grounded theory that clarify the role of researcher, concepts and literature review in various stages of collecting and interpreting data. Data have been collected through interview with 15 student of the social science at Allameh Tabatabaie University. The finding shows the indeterminacy of doctoral student’s professional identity. Temporarily Students do various activities in different areas that is a reaction to the lack of professional position prospect. Various and temporary activities of doctoral student in different fields has been explained by a theoretical concept of "The Temporary" so that to illustrate variety of student’s action in concrete level. In short, "The Temporary" is a time condition, between the present and unknown future. This ambiguous position is fragile and fluid. In this position Student cannot recognize his role and place in the future, so depending of subjective estimate, he/she trains and acts in a various fields. Accordingly, indeterminacy of doctoral student’s professional identity is an informed tactics of student to deal with "The Temporary".
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ph.D. student
  • the temporary
  • professional identity
  • Grounded theory
  • Abduction
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