استخدام دانش‌آموختگان خودی در دانشگاه: چالش یا فرصت؟

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت آموزش عالی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه ملایر

2 استادیار مدیریت آموزشی، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سمنان

10.22034/jstp.2020.12.1.1155

چکیده

منظور از جذب خودی‌ها، علاقه دانشگاه‌ها به جذب دانش‌آموختگان خود به عنوان عضو هیأت‌علمی گفته می‌شود و به عنوان یک مسئله در آموزش عالی از سابقه‌ای نسبتاً طولانی برخوردار است. این مقاله درصدد بود که با بررسی وضعیت دانشگاه‌های قدیمی کشور در زمینه جذب دانش‌آموختگان خودی و همچنین یکپارچه کردن پژوهش‌های موجود در این زمینه با تکیه بر روش ترکیب‌پژوهی کیفی به ارائه یک موضع فکری به اندیشمندان و سیاست‌گذاران آموزش عالی بپردازد. بر این اساس در آغاز پژوهشگران با جستجوی کلیدوا‌ژه‌های مرتبط با پدیده جذب دانش‌آموختگان خودی در هریک از پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی، از مجموع 48 پژوهش به دست آمده، 29 پژوهش مرتبط را به عنوان نمونه و به صورت هدفمند جهت تحلیل انتخاب نمودند و در بخش دوم نیز چهار دانشگاه قدیمی کشور با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای به عنوان نمونه برای تحلیل و بررسی انتخاب شدند. برای کنترل کیفیت داده‌های حاصل از بخش اول پژوهش از ابزار کاسپ استفاده شد و کدهای به دست آمده با استفاده از پایایی کدگذاران، یکدست و هماهنگ شدند. یافته‌های حاصل از بخش اول در هشت محور شامل چالش توسعه دانشگاهی، چالش توسعه حرفه‌ای، رشد تعصب دانشگاهی در جذب و استخدام، چالش توسعه ارتباطات فردی، چالش توسعه ارتباطات بین‌دانشگاهی، چالش توسعه ساختاری-فرهنگی دانشگاه، مزیت‌های ساختاری-فرهنگی و مزیت‌های اقتصادی دسته‌بندی شدند که بیانگر چالش‌ها و فرصت‌های پیرامون پدیده جذب دانش‌آموختگان خودی در دانشگاه هستند. یافته‌های حاصل از بخش دوم پژوهش نیز حاکی از میزان بالای جذب دانش‌آموختگان خودی در دانشگاه‌های قدیمی کشور بوده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Recruiting Graduates of Insider at University: Challenge or Opportunity?

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohsen Nazarzadeh Zare 1
  • Sherkoh Mohammadi 2
1 Asistant Professor of Higher Education Management, Department of Educational Sciences, Malayer University, Iran
2 Asistant Professor of Educational Management, Department of Educational Management, Semnan University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Recruiting insiders as a way of recruitment which universities try to employ their graduates has a long history. So, the aim of the present study was to investigate status of Iran's old universities about attracting and recruiting the graduates of insider at university and also, provide an integrated wisdom about graduates of insider to thinkers and policymakers of higher edcuation with using a qualitative research synthesis. Therefore, in initially all keywords around insiders were emerged and then special databases. A total of 48 studies were identified and 29 twenty-nine of them were selected purposefully as sample. In the second section, researchers chose 4 Iran's old universities by cluster sampling as sample. To quality control of the data, CASP checklist was conducted and also, code reliability was used to integrate the data. To analyze the data, conductive content analysis was conducted. The results of first section showed that we can view recruiting insiders based on two themes which are challenges and opportunities. The challenges are academic development challenge; professional development challenge; academic chauvinism growth in recruitment and employment; individual communication development challenge; inter-university communication development challenge. In addition, opportunities are the structural-cultural development of the university, the structural-cultural advantages and the economic advantages. Also the results of second section showed that there is higher percentage the graduates of insider in Iran's old universities.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Graduates of Insider
  • Attracting and Recruiting
  • Faculty Members
  • Challenges
  • Opportunities
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