استفاده از ابزار مقررات‌گذاری برای اجرای سیاست‌های نوآوری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای مدیریت فناوری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

2 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر، مقررات به عنوان یکی از ابزارهای سیاست نوآوری مورد توجه زیادی قرار گرفته است. هر چند جهت و شدت اثر این ابزار، موضوع مطالعه و تردید پژوهشگران بوده اما تنوع ابزارهای مقرراتی و پرهیز از هزینه‌ ابزارهای مالی سیاست نوآوری، سیاست‌گذاران را تشویق به بکارگیری این ابزار کرده است. بهره‌مندی از این ابزار، مستلزم شناخت مقررات و فهم چگونگی اثرگذاری آن بر نوآوری است که مقاله حاضر تلاش کرده از منظرهای گوناگون به آن بپردازد. همچنین تغییر در محیط بنگاه‌ها و صنایع که متأثر از رقابت‌های شدید و در نتیجه بروز نوآوری‌های گسلنده و شتایان است چارچوب‌های مقررات‌گذاری سنتی را مورد انتقاد قرار داده و از چارچوب‌های مقررات‌گذاری پویا حمایت می‌کند. مقاله نهایتاً تلاش کرده با ارائه چگونگی کاربرد و اثر مقررات بر بنگاه‌های ایرانی تولید دارو، شواهدی از اثر مقررات بر نوآوری ارائه نماید.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Applying Regulation for Implementing Innovation Policy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad S oltanzadeh 1
  • Mehdi Elyasi 2
1 Ph.D in Technology Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatab’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Many scholars emphasis on regulation as a one of innovation policy instrument, recently. The variety of regulation and increasing cost of financial innovation policy instruments justify the design and usage of regulation, however, direction and stringency of its effect is a crucial matter for policymakers. It is a necessity to understand why/how/what regulation take effects on innovation. Hence, this paper aims to clarify this effect mechanism from government intervention, economic theories, value chain, and cost compliance perspectives. Also, traditional regulatory frameworks are criticized by the changing environment of firms and industries that are affected by increasing competition and, consequently, emerging disruptive innovation. The dynamic regulation frameworks are the developing response to these criticisms that I describe their important features. Finally, this research tries to provide evidence of the effect of regulations on innovation by presenting how the rules and regulations apply to pharmaceutical firms in Iran.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Regulation
  • innovation policy
  • Cost Compliance
  • Regulation-Making Framework
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