سیاست‌های علم و فناوری برای تقویت نظام‌های منطقه‌ای نوآوری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری وزارت تعاون، کار و رفاه اجتماعی، تهران

2 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران

چکیده

رویکرد نظام منطقه‌ای نوآوری یکی از رویکردهای مکمل نظام نوآوری است که به دلیل افزایش نابرابری و عدم توازن منطقه‌ای در سال‌های اخیر مورد توجه سیاست‌گذاران قرار گرفته است. هر منطقه دارای ویژگی‌های منحصر به فردی است که بر گشتار و تکامل اقتصادی منطقه تأثیرگذار است. از این رو، تجویز نسخه واحد سیاستی در سطح ملی، پاسخگوی نیازهای منطقه‌ای نخواهد بود و لازم است تمام عوامل اقتصادی-اجتماعی و نهادهای مؤثر بر نوآوری، علاوه بر نظام تولید و بهره‌برداری دانش، در هر منطقه مورد توجه سیاست‌گذار قرار گیرد. در این نوشتار تلاش شده مفاهیم اساسی نظام منطقه‌ای معرفی و به انواع مناطق و سیاست‌های نوآوری مناسب آنها مطابق پیشینه پژوهشی موجود اشاره شود. همچنین به یک مطالعه موردی در خصوص استان‌های مختلف کشور پرداخته شده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.20080840.1398.12.2.13.8

عنوان مقاله [English]

Science, Technology and Innovation Policies to Strengthen Regional Innovation Systems

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parisa Riahi 1
  • Hassan Danaee Fard 2
1 Ph.D in Science & Technology Policy-Making; Ministry of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Wellfare; Tehran, Iran
2 Pofessor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Regional innovation system (RIS) is one of the complementary approaches to innovation systems. Due to increase of regional imbalances and inequalities, RIS have recently attracted prominent attention of policy makers. Every region has its unique characteristics that affect economic transformation and evolution. Therefore, national policy mix is not sufficient to address specific regional needs. So, policy-makers should consider socio-economic factors and institutional settings beside knowledge exploration and exploitation systems in regional level. According to innovation systems literature, this article attempts to introduce fundamental concepts of RIS, most known typologies of regions and, appropriate RIS policies. In addition, a case study of RIS in provinces of Iran is discussed in the end of this article.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Regional Innovation System
  • Science and technology policy
  • Typology of Regions
  • Change of Development Path
  • Provinces of Iran
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