قابلیت‌ها و موانع فراروی دانشگاه رازی برای تبدیل به دانشگاه کارآفرین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت و کارآفرینی ، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

2 مربی، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه پیام نور

10.22034/jstp.2019.11.1.2044

چکیده

روبکرد دانشگاه کارآفرین به عنوان نسل سوم دانشگاه­ها، برای توصیف دانشگاه­هایی به­کار می­رود که از راهبردهای مختلف علمی برای مشارکت در توسعۀ اقتصادی و اجتماعی منطقه و تقویت اکوسیستم کارآفرینی استفاده می­کنند. از این­رو، پژوهش حاضر با هدف واکاوی قابلیت­ها و عوامل بازدارنده فراروی دانشگاه رازی در راستای تبدیل شدن به دانشگاه کارآفرین انجام پذیرفته‌است. این پژوهش از نوع کیفی، به لحاظ هدف کاربردی و به لحاظ روش اکتشافی و از نوع نظریه­پردازی داده‌بنیاد است. جامعه مورد­ مطالعه را اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه رازی تشکیل داده‌است و روش نمونه­گیری مورد استفاده، هدفمند و از نوع گلوله برفی است. داده­ها با استفاده از مصاحبه نیمه­‌ساختاریافته و عمیق گردآوری و مصاحبه با 12 نفر از اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه رازی انجام شده. روش تجزیه­و­تحلیل داده­ها، تحلیل محتوا بوده‌است. به­منظور تأیید روایی، از دیدگاه­های خبرگان و متخصصان مدیریت و کارآفرینی استفاده شده‌است. پایایی پژوهش نیز با استفاده از فرمول پایایی هولستی محاسبه و 92/0 به دست می‌آید. براساس یافته­های پژوهش، 7 عامل به­عنوان پتانسیل­(درونی و بیرونی) و 17 عامل، به‌عنوان عوامل بازدارنده (درونی و بیرونی) فراروی دانشگاه رازی در راستای تبدیل شدن به دانشگاه کارآفرین، استخراج شده‌اند. در پایان الگوی پیشنهادی دانشگاه کارآفرین برای دانشگاه رازی، احصاء و ارائه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Potential and Inhibitors to Razi University to Become an Entrepreneur University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bijan Rzaee 1
  • Ayoub Pazhouhan 2
1 Assistant Professor , Management and Entrepreneurship Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Lecturer, Department of Public Administration, Payam-e- Noor University, Iran
چکیده [English]

The University of Entrepreneur's paradigm as the third generation of universities is used to describe the universities that use different scientific strategies to participate in the economic and social development of the region and to strengthen the entrepreneurship ecosystem. Therefore, the present study was conducted to analyse the potential and inhibitors of Razi University in order to become an Entrepreneur university. In terms of purpose, this research is an applied and methodology for collecting research data, is a qualitative method, and is a type of Grounded theory. The community was formed by faculty members of Razi University. The sampling method was purposeful and snowball type. Data were collected using semi-structured and deep interviews. Interview was conducted with 12 faculty members of Razi University. The method of data analysis was to analyze the content of the interviews. In order to validate the validity, the views of experts and management and entrepreneurship experts have been used. The reliability of the research was calculated using the Holsti PAO reliability formula (value 0.92). According to the research findings, there are seven factors as potential (internal and external) and 17 factors as inhibitors (internal and external) to Razi University in order to become an entrepreneurial university. In the end, the model proposed by the University of Entrepreneur for the Razi University was presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial university
  • Higher education
  • Potentials
  • inhibitors
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