بررسی اثر حمایت‌های مالی دولت بر همکاری‌های تحقیق‌وتوسعه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 معاون سیاستگذاری و توسعه معاونت علمی و فناوری ریاست جمهوری

3 استادیار پژوهشکده مطالعات بنیادین علم و فناوری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

4 دانشجوی دکترای مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر

10.22034/jstp.2018.10.1.539420

چکیده

یکی از ابزارهایی که فرآیند خلق نوآوری و محصولاتخدمات جدید را تسریع میکند همکاریهای تحقیقوتوسعه است در پیشینه موضوع این فرآیند در دو سطح افقی و عمودی قابل ردیابی است بررسی تجربه کشورهای مختلف نشان میدهد که حمایتهای دولت نقش ویژهای در ارتقا سطح این همکاریها دارد در این پژوهش به منظور تحلیل این فرضیه از دادههای مربوط به شرکت دانشبنیان فعال در بازار ایران که درصد آنها از حمایتهای دولتی برخوردار شده بودند استفاده شد دادههای موجود مربوط به نوع همکاری در سالهای و بوده و فرضیه مورد نظر نیز اثربخشی حمایتهای دولتی بر روی ارتقا سطح همکاری این شرکتها در سال بود پس از تیید روایی و پایایی دادهها از روش همسانسازی بر اساس نمره گرایش برای بررسی فرضیات مدل استفاده شد یافتهها نشان دادند که حمایتهای دولتی در قالب یارانههای تحقیقوتوسعه بر هر دو همکاریهای سطوح عمودی و افقی تثیر معنادار داشته است اما در بررسی نوع همکاریهای هر سطح مشخص شد که بیشترین سطح تثیرگذاری به همکاری علمیدانشگاهی تعلق داشته و پس از آن به ترتیب همکاری داخلی همکاری با مشاوران و همکاری با تمینکنندگان بیشترین سطح اثرپذیری از این حمایتها را داشتهاند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Government Financial Supports on R&D Collaboration

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Soltanzadeh 1
  • Mohammad Sadegh khayatian yazdi 3
  • Esmaeil Ghaderifar 1
  • Hojjat Rezaei Soufi 4
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Technology Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4 Ph.D. Candidate of Industrial Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Competitive Business Environment has led companies to constantly prosper for generation of new ideas RD Collaboration is one of the mechanism that firms apply to promote innovation processes in their products and services RD Collaboration is trackable in vertical and horizontal modes in literature Some countries experiences in this matter shows that government support has had a special role in such cooperation mechanisms To investigate this hypothesis in this research we have gathered data from knowledge based companies in Iran which of them were receiving government support Data of collaboration types is from and and the hypothesis was to check for government support effect significance in on firms cooperation level After validity and reliability of data were tested and confirmed the Propensity Score Matching PSM methodology was used to investigate model hypothesesResult indicates that government support in the form of RD subsidies has significant effect on both vertical and horizontal collaboration modes However analysis of collaboration type under each mode shows that the most significant effect has been on scientificacademic collaboration and then internal cooperation advisory collaboration collaboration with suppliers have been more affected respectively

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • innovation policy
  • R&D Collaboration
  • Government Supports
  • Propensity Score Matching
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