تحلیل نظام نوآوری فناورانه با تأکید بر نقش عوامل زمینه‌ای؛ مورد مطالعه: فناوری ذخیره‌سازی زیرزمینی گاز طبیعی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

2 استادیار مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

3 استاد گروه تولید صنعتی، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران

4 دانشیار گروه مهندسی شیمی، دانشگاه تهران

5 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران

چکیده

روزافزون بودن سهم گاز طبیعی در سبد منابع تمین انرژی و نیز جایگاه ایران به عنوان دومین دارنده ذخایر گاز جهان اهمیت مدیریت تولید و مصرف گاز را امری بدیهی میسازد و در این زمینه فناوری ذخیرهسازی زیرزمینی گاز به عنوان یکی از ابزارهای مدیریت منابع گازی میتواند نقش مهمی در آینده صنعت گاز کشور ایفا کند این در حالی است که روند رشد دستیابی به فناوریهای این حوزه در سالهای اخیر متوقف شده است به منظور تحلیل و برنامهریزی روند توسعه این فناوری نخستین گام ریشهیابی و تحلیل مشکلات و موانع موجود در این مسیر است این مقاله تلاش کرده با استفاده از رویکرد نظام نوآوری فناورانه چارچوبی برای تحلیل مشکلات و موانع منجر به توقف فرآیند توسعه فناوری مذکور در کشور ارائه دهد همچنین نقش مشکلات برونسیستمی و زمینهای در این خصوص مورد بررسی قرار گرفته و رابطه بین مشکلات زمینهای ساختاری و کارکردی نظام نوآوری فناورانه ذخیرهسازی زیرزمینی گاز از طریق مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری تحلیل شده است یافتهها مید آن است که عوامل زمینهای از طریق اثرگذاری بر ساختار نظام نوآوری فناورانه به طور مستقیم و غیرمستقیم نقشی مهم و اثرگذار بر مشکلات کارکردی موجود در نظام پیرامون این فناوری دارند تا جایی که شدت اثر این عوامل در بروز مشکلات موجود حتی از شدت اثر عوامل ساختاری داخل خود نظام نوآوری مذکور هم بیشتر است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technological System Analysis by Emphasizing the Role of Contextual Factors; Case Study: Underground Gas Storage Technology

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosein Heirani 1
  • Naser Bagheri Moghadam 2
  • Seyed Hassan Ghodsi pour 3
  • Ali Vatani 4
  • Seyed Habibolah Tabatabaeian 5
1 Ph.D. Candidate in Science and Technology Policy, National Research Institute for Science Policy, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, National Research Institute for Science Policy, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Amirkabir University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
5 Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

TDue to the increasing significance of natural gas in the global energy portfolio and also Iran being the holder of second most natural gas reserves in the world the importance of managing the production and consumption of natural gas is an apparent fact Therefore underground gas storage USG technology as a tool of gas reservoir management could play a considerable role in the future of the gas industry in Iran Nevertheless the growing trend of attaining key technologies in this field has experienced a standstill In order to analyze and plan the development of this technology there is a need to discover the roots of the problems and failures which hinder this development and also to analyze them This paper aims to provide a framework for analyzing such problems using the approach of technological innovation systems Furthermore the effect of contextual and environmental factors on the development of this technology has been discussed Finally using the structural equation modelling method the relationship between contextual structural and functional factors of the technological innovation system of USG has been tested In the end it is determined that contextual factors directly and also indirectly affect the performance of the mentioned system by influencing structural factors to the extent that the intensity of effects on functions caused by contextual factors is greater than that of structural problems

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