واکاوی عوامل رشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان در ایران با رویکرد تبیین مسیرهای ممکن

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت فناوری، دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران

3 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران

4 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران

چکیده

در فضای اقتصادی امروز ایران مکرراً به اهمیت ایجاد و رشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان اشاره می‌شود. درک علل رشد این گروه از شرکت‌ها می‌تواند برای مدیران جهت پیشبرد اهداف سازمانی و برای سیاست‌گذاران جهت تدوین سیاست‌های اثربخش، مفید واقع شود. بسیاری از محققین این حوزه به صورتی تفکیک‌شده برعوامل فردی، سازمانی و محیطی رشد شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان متمرکز شده‌اند. این مقاله به شناسایی مسیرهای ممکن دستیابی به رشد برای شرکت‌های تحت پوشش قانون حمایت از شرکت‌ها و مؤسسات دانش‌بنیان مصوب سال 1389 پرداخته است. برای تأمین هدف مذکور، این مطالعه در گام اول اقدام به مصاحبه با 22 تن از مدیران شرکت‌های رشدیافته کرده که با استفاده از روش تحلیل موضوعی، مضامین کلیدی حاکم بر فرآیند رشد آنها را شناسایی و نهایتاً مسیرهای ممکن دستیابی شرکت‌ها به رشد بر مبنای روش تحلیل مقایسه‌ای کیفی تبیین شده است. در گام بعد نیز پرسشنامه طراحی‌شده، برای 22 شرکت رشدیافته قبلی و 8 شرکت رشدنیافته ارسال و داده‌های به دست آمده با نرم‌افزار FSQCA مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. بر اساس یافته‌های این مقاله، شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان بر اساس دو مسیر ترکیبی از عوامل مؤثر بر رشد شرکت‌ها، قادر به دستیابی به پیامد رشد خواهند بود که البته مسیر مبتنی بر نقش دولت، از احتمال رخداد بیشتری برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Growth Factors of Knowledge-Based Firms in Iran with Approach to Explaining the Possible Paths

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sanam Farnoudi 1
  • Seyed Sepehr Ghazinoory 2
  • Reza Radfar 3
  • Habibollah Tabatabaeian 4
1 Ph.D. of Technology Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Information Technology Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, School of Management and Economy Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, School of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays in Iran's economic, often refers to the importance of creation and growth of knowledge-based company and the main purpose of this has been considered to show the position of knowledge and knowledge-based products in increasing the competitiveness level of country. Understanding the reasons for the growth of these company can help to managers and policy makers in order to achieve the organizational goals and to formulate effective policies. Many of the researchers in this field have investigated separately role of on individual, organizational, and environmental factors in achieving to growth of knowledge-based company. This study is aimed to identify possible paths for achieving to growth of company that have been covered by approved law in 2010 about protecting knowledge-based company and institutes. In order to achieve this purpose, interviews were conducted with 22 managers of the grown knowledge-based company. Using the thematic analysis, the effective key themes on growth process of these company were identified and using the qualitative comparison analysis technique has attempted to determine the possible paths for achieving to growth. A designed questionnaire has been received from 22 grown company and 8 non-grown company during the 2013-14 years in order to use the qualitative comparison analysis method. Obtained data were analyzed using FSQCA software. Finally, the dominant path for the growth of knowledgeable-based company in Iran has been identified. According to the findings of this research, knowledge-based company will be able to achieve growth based on the two combination paths from effective factors on growth of company, that path based on role of government is more likely to happen.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Growth of Knowledge Base Firms
  • Thematic analysis
  • Qualitative Comparison Analysis
  • Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Growth
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