مراحل شکل‌گیری و توسعه قابلیت‌های فناورانه؛ مطالعه یک سازمان صنعتی صنایع دریایی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه مالک‌اشتر

2 دانشیار دانشگاه صنعتی مالک‌اشتر

3 استادیار دانشگاه صنعتی مالک‌اشتر

چکیده

این مقاله به بررسی نحوه شکل‌گیری قابلیت‌های فناورانه در یکی از سازمان‌های صنعتی حوزه صنایع دریایی ایران می‌پردازد. استراتژی پژوهش، مطالعه موردی یک سازمان بوده که به عنوان مورد مطالعه، انتخاب و در کنار مطالعه منابع علمی، اقدام به انجام مصاحبه عمیق با مسئولین، مدیران، مشاوران و کارشناسان ارشد مرتبط با آن سازمان گردید. نقطه شروع مطالعه استفاده از یافته‌های علمی پژوهش‌های قبلی بوده است ولی پیشینه موجود دارای دو خلاء مهم در این زمینه می‌باشد: اول اینکه الگوهای ارائه‌شده برای توسعه قابلیت‌های فناورانه بیشتر متمرکز بر تولید انبوه است (در صورتی که ماهیت اغلب محصولات سازمان مورد مطالعه از جنس محصولات پیچیده است) و پیش‌فرض اساسی دیگر برای الگوهای یادشده هم همکاری با کشورهای توسعه‌یافته می‌باشد که به دلیل وجود تحریم‌های مستمر علیه صنایع دارای کاربرد دوگانه، این همکاری میسر نمی‌باشد. در این مقاله سعی شده مراحل طی‌شده در سازمان مورد مطالعه جهت شکل‌گیری و توسعه قابلیت‌های فناورانه شناسایی و معرفی گردد. این مراحل در قالب سه گام شناسایی شد که عبارتند از: سرمایه‌گذاری و ایجاد زیرساخت‌های پایه، ارتقاء قابلیت‌ها به واسطه مهندسی معکوس با همکاری محدود و همچنین مهندسی معکوس محصولات پیچیده‌تر و گسترش طراحی و نوآوری. در نهایت مراحل شناسایی‌شده با مدل‌های متداول در این حوزه مقایسه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Stages of Formation and Development of Technological Capabilities; Case study: An marine Industry Organization

نویسندگان [English]

  • Siamak Tahmasebi 1
  • Hamidreza Fartookzadeh 2
  • Alireza Bushehri 3
  • Kamal Tabaian 3
  • Jafar Gheidar Khelejani 3
1 PhD Student, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This article examines that how formatting and developing technological capabilities in the industrial organizations. The research strategy is "case study" thus we selected an industrial organizations in the field of maritime. After reviewed literature, conducted deep interviews with officials, managers, consultants and experts were associated with that organization. The literature in this area is tow defect: 1) the most models proposed for the development of technological capabilities focus on mass production, but the nature of our case study is complex products. 2) The basic assumption of these models is cooperation with developed countries, but the sanctions on dual-use products is the obstacle for this cooperation. In this paper, we studied steps in the formation and development of technological capabilities to be identified. Three steps were identified: "investment and the creation of basic infrastructure", "upgrade capability through reverse engineering with limited cooperation" and "reverse engineering for complex products with developing of design and innovation". Finally phases identified in this area compared with conventional models and the differences between them were investigated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technological capabilities
  • Complex Product Systems
  • Industrial Organization
  • Marine Industries
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