عوامل ناکامی یادگیری فناورانه در صنعت گاز

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشکده مطالعات بنیادین علم و فناوری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران

2 محقق مرکز مطالعات مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری در سامانه های پیچیده صنعتی (کریتیمیکس)، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران

3 محقق مرکز مطالعات مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری در سامانه‌های پیچیده صنعتی (کریتیمیکس)، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران

4 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر

چکیده

صنعت گاز صنعتی فناوری‌بر و بااهمیت در اقتصاد ایران است. با وجود سرمایه‌گذاری‌های فراوان داخلی و خارجی در این صنعت، میزان وابستگی فناورانه صنعت گاز ایران به خارج از کشور طی چهار دهه گذشته در بسیاری بخش‌ها کاهش چندانی نداشته و به بیانی دیگر یادگیری فناورانه کمی در این صنعت به وقوع پیوسته است. مقاله حاضر به دنبال بررسی عوامل ناکامی یادگیری فناورانه در صنعت گاز است. برای این منظور، مصاحبه‌هایی با خبرگان صنعت گاز صورت گرفت که پس از کدگذاری مصاحبه‌های انجام‌شده، هفت عامل "فقدان حلقه‌های بازخورد در زنجیره صنعت گاز"، "تعاملات ضعیف با محیط پیرامونی صنعت گاز"، "عدم امکان دسترسی به منابع دانش ضمنی صنعت گاز در سطح جهانی"، "افول برنامه‌های توسعه‌ای و کاهش تقاضا برای توسعه صنعت و در نتیجه از دست رفتن اقتصاد مقیاس"، "عدم دسترسی به منابع و آموزش‌های بین‌المللی برای پرسنل و ظرفیت جذب پائین"، "پیچیدگی یکپارچه‌سازی در بخش‌هایی نظیر پالایش و دیسپچینگ" و "عدم تمرکز بر توسعه توانمندی‌های طراحی و مهندسی به عنوان سویه اصلی یادگیری" عوامل مؤثر بر ناکامی یادگیری فناورانه شناخته شدند. کلیدواژه‌ها: یادگیری فناورانه، قابلیت‌های فناورانه، صنعت گاز، ناکامی یادگیری، همپایی، سیاست یادگیری برای استنادات بعدی به این مقاله، قالب زیر به نویسندگان محترم مقالات پیشنهاد می‌شود: Nilforoushan, H., Ghaffarzadegan, M., Peymankhah, S., & Rahmani, S. (2017). Technological Learning Failure Causes in Gas Industry. Journal of Science & Technology Policy, 9(4), 31-44. {In Persian}.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technological Learning Failure Causes in Gas Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Nilforoushan 1
  • Mahshid Ghaffarzadegan 2
  • Sadegh Peymankhah 3
  • Soma Rahmani 4
1 Assistant Professor, Institute for Science and Technology Studies, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Researcher, Center for Research in Technology and Innovation Management in Complex Industrial Systems (CRiTiMiX), Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Researcher, Center for Research in Technology and Innovation Management in Complex Industrial Systems (CRiTiMiX), Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
4 Ph.D Candidate of Science and Technology Policy, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Gas industry is a highly important technology-driven industry in Iran's economy. Despite numerous domestic and foreign investments in the industry, it is still dependent on foreign countries during decades ago. In other words, little technological learning has been occurred there. The aim of this research is examining the technological learning failure in the gas industry. For this purpose, the interviews were conducted with some gas experts, and after coding the interviews, seven factors were identified as the impact factors on technological learning failure, these factors are "lack of feedback loops on gas industry value chain, lack of border process between gas industry and its environment, lack of access to tacit knowledge, lack of economies of scale because of the declining development programs and demand stability, weak access to the international training courses and resources, high degree of integration complexity and lack of concentration on learning strain of design and engineering". Finally, at the end of the paper, some policy advices are suggested to overcome these failure factors.

Keywords: Technological Learning, Technological Capability, Gas Industry, Learning Failure, Learning Policy

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technological Learning
  • Technological Capability
  • Gas Industry
  • Learning Failure
  • Learning Policy
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