پایداری شبکه‌‌های نوآوری با دو میاندار: پیشایندها و عوامل تعدیل‌کننده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف و رییس مرکز مطالعات مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری در سیستم‌‌های پیچیده (CRiTIMiX).

2 دکتری مدیریت تکنولوژی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jstp.2021.14.3.1373

چکیده

شبکه‌‌های نوآوری با دو میاندار دانشی و صنعتی، شبکه‌‌هایی هستند که در آن دانشگاه‌‌ها، مراکز پژوهشی و بنگاه‌‌های دانشی در زیرشبکه دانشی و مجموعه‌‌های تولیدی، صنعتی و بازرگانی در زیرشبکه صنعتی قرار داشته و برای طراحی و ساخت یک محصول پیچیده با یکدیگر مشارکت دارند. در این شبکه‌‌ها میاندار دانشی در زیرشبکه دانشی و میاندار صنعتی در زیرشبکه صنعتی اداره امور زیرشبکه خود را به صورت مجزا اما هماهنگ عهده دارند. پایداری شبکه‌‌های نوآوری با دو میاندار دانشی و صنعتی، به میزان زیادی متأثر از حفظ و تداوم همکاری میان این دو میاندار است. هدف این مقاله، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر پایداری این شبکه‌‌ها از منظر همکاری میان دو میاندار دانشی و صنعتی است. بدین منظور با روش موردکاوی عمیق، دو شبکه نوآوری مرتبط با توربین بادی و آب شیرین­کن حرارتی، عوامل و پیشایندهای مؤثر بر پایداری شبکه‌‌ها شناسایی و در دو بعد "اعتماد" و "شکاف قدرت" دسته‌‌بندی شده‌‌اند. همچنین پنج گزاره علمی در مورد تأثیر پیشایندها بر پایداری شبکه به همراه چارچوب مفهومی اثر عوامل مختلف بر پایداری شبکه‌‌های نوآوری با دو میاندار دانشی و صنعتی ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.20080840.1400.14.3.2.3

عنوان مقاله [English]

Dual-core Innovation Networks Stability: Antecedents and Moderating Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Arasti 1
  • Majid Haghighi 2
1 Professor at Graduate School of Management & Economics & Founder of CRiTIMiX (Center for Research in Technology & Innovation Management in compleX industrial systems); Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD in Management of Technology; University of Tehran , Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This paper concerns innovation networks with two distinct sub-networks including knowledge and industrial sections, named dual core networks. While industrial network consists of firms involving in manufacturing and commercialization; universities, research institutes and knowledge-based SMEs are incorporated into knowledge network. Each section has its own hub which plays the role of coordinator and/or orchestrator. The stability of dual-core networks is greatly depends on the cooperation between two hubs. This research aims to identify the factors affecting the sustainability of dual-core innovation networks. For this purpose, two case studies regarding wind-turbine and thermal water desalination are analyzed as representatives of different degree of cooperation between knowledge and industrial hubs. Based on thematic analysis, the main factors and antecedents influencing networks stability have been identified and clustered in two dimensions of trust and power gap. It is also discussed that the effective role of brokers could moderate the impact of trust and power gap on the network stability. As a result, five scientific propositions are developed and explained which along with the proposed conceptual framework could be considered as starting points for further research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dual-core Innovation Networks
  • Innovation Networks Stability
  • Knowledge Network
  • Industrial Network
  • Cooperation between two Hubs
  • Trust
  • Power Gap
  • Case study
  • Wind-turbine
  • Thermal Water Desalination
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