توانمندی شبکه‌سازی بنگاه یکپارچه‌ساز: مرور نظام‌مند پیشینه و پیشنهاداتی برای تحقیقات آتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

3 عضو هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jstp.2020.12.4.1195

چکیده

بنگاه‌ها نمی‌توانند تمامی منابع راهبردی موردنیاز خود را به تنهایی توسعه دهند؛ در نتیجه برخی از این منابع باید از طریق شبکه‌های بین‌سازمانی به دست بیاید. تحقیقات نشان می‌دهد اکثر مطالعات شبکه بیشتر بر روی پیشایندها و پیامدهای شبکه متمرکزند و کمتر به فرآیندها و توانمندی‌های مرتبط می‌پردازند. برخی محققان تلاش‌های محدودی را برای شناسایی توانمندی‌های مربوط به روابط کسب‌وکار انجام داده‌اند؛ در این زمینه، محققان «توانمندی شبکه‌سازی» را برای تأکید بر دیدگاه شبکه معرفی کرده‌اند. با وجود غنای مفهومی و تجربی قابل توجه، نامگذاری‌های مختلف و تنوع نظری در ادبیات توانمندی شبکه‌سازی منجر به ابهام مفهومی و عدم‌اجماع در مورد این مفهوم کلیدی شده‌است. ما سعی کرده‌ایم با مرور نظام‌مند پیشینه مرتبط، این شکاف را پوشش دهیم. مرور نظام‌مند در این مطالعه مشتمل بر غربال ساختاریافته تحقیقات، کدگذاری آن‌ها و مقوله‌بندی مفاهیم مرتبط با توانمندی شبکه‌سازی است. این تحقیق دو مؤلفه مهم برای توانمندی شبکه‌سازی را معرفی می‌کند: توانمندی توسعه شبکه و توانمندی مدیریت شبکه. مروری بر مفهوم‌سازی توانمندی شبکه‌سازی نشان می‌دهد که توسعه شبکه اغلب نادیده گرفته شده و مدیریت شبکه بیشتر مورد تأکید قرار گرفته است. این مطالعه ضمن طبقه‌بندی مفاهیم موجود در ادبیات در ذیل هر یک از این دسته‌ها، تعریف نظری آن‌ها را نیز ارائه می‌دهد. در نهایت، ما شکاف‌های تحقیقاتی مطالعات توانمندی شبکه‌سازی را شناسایی و پیشنهادهایی را برای جهت‌دهی به تحقیقات آتی ارائه کرده‌ایم.
کلیدواژه‌ها: سامانه‌های محصول پیچیده، بنگاه یکپارچه‌ساز، دیدگاه شبکه‌ای، توانمندی شبکه‌سازی، مرور نظام‌مند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Networking Capabilityof Integrator Firm: A Systematic Review of Literature and Future Research Agenda

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ismail Jafarpanah 1
  • Mohammad Reza Arasti 2
  • Nima Mokhtarzadeh 3
1 PhD Candidate in Industrial Management, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor at Graduate School of Management & Economics, Sharif University, Tehran, Iran
3 Asistant professor, Department of industrial management, Faculty of Management, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

System Integrator firms cannot develop all the strategic resources they need on their own, and consequently, some of them must be acquired through inter-organizational networks. Research shows that most network studies focus more on network antecedents and outputs and less on processes and related capabilities. Some researchers have made few efforts to identify and scrutinize capabilities related to business relationships. In this context, scholars have introduced “networking capability” (NC) to emphasize the network perspective. Despite the considerable conceptual and empirical richness, the existence of different nomenclatures and theoretical diversity in NC literature has led to conceptual ambiguity and a lack of consensus on this crucial concept. We have tried to cover this gap through a systematic review of related literature. A systematic review of this study includes structured screening, coding, and categorizing of concepts related to networking capabilities. This study identifies two critical components for NC: Network Development Capability (NDC) and Network Management Capability (NMC). An overview of NC conceptualizations shows that network development is often overlooked, and the network management is overemphasized. This study, while classifying the concepts in the literature under each of these categories, also provides their theoretical definition. Finally, we have identified a series of research gaps in NC studies and proposed some suggestions for future research direction.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Complex Products and Systems
  • System Integrator
  • Network Perspective
  • Networking Capability
  • Systematic Review
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