تکوین توانمندی طراحی پایه در شرکت مپنابویلر به‌‌عنوان یک بنگاه یکپارچه‌ساز دیرآمده

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف و رییس مرکز مطالعات مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری در سیستم‌‌های پیچیده (CRiTIMiX)،

2 دانشجوی دکترای سیاست‌‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشگاه تهران

3 محقق پسادکترا در مرکز مطالعات مدیریت فناوری و نوآوری در سیستمهای پیچیده صنعتی (CRiTIMiX)

4 دانشیار دانشکده علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران

5 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jstp.2020.12.4.1224

چکیده

توانمندی یکی از مفاهیم کلیدی حوزه راهبرد است. به‌علاوه، مفهوم توانمندی برای توضیح عدم موفقیّت بنگاه­های دیرآمده در طراحی و توسعه سامانه­های پیچیده، بسیار مورد توجه قرار دارد. علی‌رغم تلاش­های بسیار صورت‌گرفته و پیشرفت­های نظری قابل توجه در مورد توانمندی، هنوز مفهوم­پردازی و به‌کارگیری آن در عمل، با مشکل روبه‌رو است. در این مقاله، چارچوبی برای عملیاتی کردن مفهوم توانمندی توسعه داده­ شده و با استفاده از چارچوب پیشنهادی، فرآیند شکل­گیری و رشد توانمندی طراحی در یک بنگاه یکپارچه­ساز سامانه دیرآمده، در قالب یک مطالعه موردی بررسی شده‌است. به این منظور، نحوه فراهم آمدن و ارتقای دانش، مهارت و ابزار به‌عنوان ریزبنیان­های توانمندی طراحی و نحوه ترکیب آن­ها مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. علاوه بر نشان دادن کاربردپذیری چارچوب پیشنهادی، این مطالعه موردی شناخت بهتری از نحوه اثرگذاری شرایط زمینه­ای و انگیزه بنگاه­ها بر فرآیند شکل­گیری و رشد توانمندی‌ها ارائه می­کند. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، همچنین راهنمای مناسبی برای مدیران بنگاه­ها در برنامه­ریزی برای کسب و ارتقای ریزبنیان­های مورد نیاز و چگونگی ترکیب آن­ها برای شکل­گیری و رشد توانمندی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Formation and Evolution of Basic Design Capability in Mapna-boiler as a Latecomer System Integrator

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Arasti 1
  • Mahdi Khaleghi 2
  • Azita Karamipour 3
  • Alireza Aslani 4
  • Mohammad Mahdi Zolfagharzadeh 5
1 Professor at graduate school of management & Economics & founder of CRiTIMiX (Center for Research in Technology & Innovation Management in compleX industrial systems) at Sharif University of technology
2 PhD candidate in Science & technology policy in management faculty at University of Tehran & Resercher in CRiTIMiX (Center for Research in Technology and Innovation Management in compleX industrial systems) at Sharif University of Technology,
3 Postdoc researcher in CRiTIMiX (Center for Research in Technology & Innovation Management in compleX industrial systems) at Sharif University of technology,
4 Associate professor at faculty of new Sciences & technologies at University of Tehran
5 Assistant professor at faculty of management at University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Capability is one of the core concepts in strategy literature. Moreover, it is widely used to explain why latecomer firms can’t succeed in design and development of complex systems. There has been many efforts and significant progress in regard of capability but it is conceptualization and usage in empirical researches are problematic yet. In this paper a framework for operationalization of capability concept has been developed. Using the proposed framework, the process of formation and evolution of design capability in a latecomer system integrator has been investigated through a case study. For this purpose, acquisition and improvement of knowledge, tools and skills as micro-foundations of design capability and their integration has been under focus. In addition to show usability of our proposed framework, this case study provides a better understanding of how a firm's context and motivation affects on formation and evolution of its capabilities. Results of this research, are also a good guide for managers in regard of their plans for acquisition and improvement of required micro-foundations and the way they are integrated as a capability.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Capability
  • Microfoundations of capability
  • Basic Design
  • Complex Systems
  • Case study
  • Mapna-Boiler
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