راهکارهای افزایش نقش زنان در توسعه فناوری‌های دیجیتال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه علم و فناوری، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران

چکیده

در طول تاریخ، زنان یکی از گروه‌هایی بوده‌اند که در حاشیه قرار گرفته‌اند و این پدیده در حوزه علوم و حرفه‌های مرتبط با فناوری‌های دیجیتال نیز قابل مشاهده است. گرایش به مطالعات جنسیت در علم و فناوری، در پاسخ نیاز به ضرورت حضور زنان به عنوان نیمی از افراد جامعه در عرصه علم و فناوری پدید آمده است. فناوری‌های دیجیتال یکی از عوامل تأثیرگذار در شکل‌گیری جوامع در آینده خواهند بود و لذا مشارکت فعالانه زنان در فرآیند تولید این فناوری‌ها می‌تواند آنها را از نادیده گرفتن ارزش‌های زنانه‌نگر دور نگه دارد. در این مقاله تلاش شده زمینه نقش زنان در توسعه این فناوری‌ها بررسی شود. این مقاله، مطالعه‌ای راهبردی بوده که به روش کتابخانه‌ای انجام شده است. با فیش‌برداری از منابع متعدد سعی بر این بوده که با تکیه بر رهیافت فیلسوفان فمینسیت تفاوت‌گرا و انتخاب مدل طراحی حساس به ارزش در تولید فناوری‌های دیجیتال، ابتدا به آسیب‌هایی که در اثر عدم حضور زنان در این فرآیند به وجود آمده اشاره و سپس راهکارهایی برای ایجاد توازن جنسیتی در این فرآیند پیشنهاد شود. مطالعه نشان داده که در صورت پیگیری این سیاست‌های کلان و راهکارهای پیشنهادی سیاست‌گذاران، طراحان و کاربران فناوری‌های دیجیتال، زنان می‌توانند جایگاه اثرگذاری در توسعه فناوری‌های دیجیتال پیدا کنند و در نتیجه، فناوری‌هایی که تولید می‌شوند نیز سوگیری کمتری علیه زنان داشته باشند و عادلانه‌تر خواهند بود.
کلیدواژه‌ها

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategies to Increase the Role of Women in the Development of Digital Technologies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeedeh Babaii 1
  • Reyhaneh Tajiki 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Philosophy of Science and Technology, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A Student, Sociology, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Throughout history, women have been one of the marginalized groups, and this phenomenon can be seen in the field of science and professions related to digital technologies. The tendency to study gender, science and technology has emerged in response to the need for the presence of women as half of society in the field of science and technology. Digital technologies will be one of the influential factors in shaping societies in the future, so the active participation of women in the production process of these technologies can keep them from ignoring feminine values. In the present study, the role of women in the development of these technologies has been scrutinized. This paper is a strategic study and the method used for it is library research method. By taking notes from various sources, relying on the approach of difference feminist philosophers and choosing a value-sensitive design model in the production of digital technologies we have tried to point out the problems caused by the absence of women in this process and then, suggest ways for gender balance in this process. This study shows that if policy makers, designers and users of digital technologies follow these policies and solutions, women can find an influential position in the development of digital technologies, and as a result, the technologies that are produced will be less biased against women and fairer. 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Digital Technologies
  • Women
  • Gender
  • Value Sensitive Design
  • Feminine Values
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