شناسایی روش‌های یادگیری در مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان: رویکردی کیفی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

10.22034/jstp.2019.11.3.1026

چکیده

اهمیت یادگیری مدیران در سازمان‌های مختلف برکسی پوشیده نیست؛ اما در شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان، یادگیری مدیران به‌دلیل کم‌تجربه‌بودن آنها و همچنین ماهیت پیچیده این شرکت‌ها نسبت به سازمان‌های دیگر، اهمیت مضاعفی دارد. همچنین یادگیری مدیران شرکت‌های کوچک دانش‌بنیان، نقش به سزایی در نوآوری این شرکت‌ها و غلبه آن‌ها بر چالش‌های محیط متغیر و پیچیده پیرامون­شان دارد. با این حال روش‌های یادگیری این مدیران به خوبی مورد‌ بررسی قرار نگرفته‌است. بنابراین هدف این مقاله، شناسایی روش‌های یادگیری مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان است. در این راستا با درنظر‌گرفتن الگوی تفسیری و به کارگیری رویکرد کیفی، داده‌های پژوهش جمع‌آوری شد. در مجموع ۱۹ مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختار‌یافته با مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان و صاحب‌نظران و ذی‌نفعان این حوزه انجام شد که با روش سه مرحله‌ای تحلیل مضمون و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار مکس‌کیودا مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. بر اساس یافته‌های این پژوهش، 30 مضمون یا روش فرعی برای یادگیری مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان شناسایی شد که به پنج مقوله یا روش کلی‌ شامل «یادگیری از تجارب»، «یادگیری خود‌راهبر»، «یادگیری از ذی‌نفعان»، «روش های یادگیری آشکار» و «بهره‌مندی از ظرفیت منتورینگ در یادگیری» دسته‌بندی شد. می‌توان گفت، پنج روش شناسایی‌شده فوق در یادگیری مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان، می‌تواند هم به‌صورت فردی توسط خود مدیران و هم توسط ذی‌نفعان حوزه دانش‌بنیان مورداستفاده قرار گیرد و موجب ارتقای مدیران شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان و در نتیجه موفقیت شرکت‌های دانش بنیان شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying The Methods for Manager’s learning in NTBFs: a Qualitative Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohre Zeynoddini Bidmeshki 1
  • Mahmood Abolghasemi 2
  • Morteza Rezaizade 2
  • Abasalt Khorasani 2
1 Doctoral Student of Educational Management, Educational Science and Phycology Faculty of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Educational Science and Psychology Faculty of Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The importance of managers learning in different organizations is clarified to everybody, but in Technology based firms (NTBF) because of their inexperience of managers and the complex nature of these companies, manager learning is more important. Actually, manager`s learning plays an important role in innovating these companies and overcoming the challenges of the changing and complex environment around them. However, the methods of learning in this managers have not been well studied. So, the aim of this study was to identifying the methods for manager`s learning in this firms.  In order to attain this aim, the research data collected regarding to Interpretivism paradigm and qualitative approach. 19 managers and experts of new technology-based firms were interviewed with semi-structured interview questions. The data collecting in this way, coded and analyzed with thematic analysis method in three stages. For analyzing of this data, qualitative analysis software Maxqda used. Based on the extracted findings of this research, 30 incidental themes or methods identified which categorized in five main methods consist, “learning from experience”, “self-directed learning”, “learning from stakeholders”, “explicit learning methods”, “benefiting of mentoring capacity in learning”. It can be said that the five identified methods of manager`s learning in NTBFs can be used both individually by the managers themselves and by the stakeholders of the NTBF`s domain and can be used for development of this managers and subsequently the success of NTBFs.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Manager learning
  • New Technology-Based Firms
  • NTBFs
  • Qualitative approach
  • Thematic analysis
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