نظام ملی نوآوری و نقش آن در بهبود سیاست‌های علم، فناوری و نوآوری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران

چکیده

نزدیک به سه دهه از شکل‌گیری مفهوم نظام‌های ملی نوآوری می‌گذرد و اکنون این نظام‌ها به طور گسترده مورد توجه سیاست‌گذاران و محققان حوزه علم، فناوری و نوآوری در سراسر جهان قرار گرفته است. در جریان رشد سریع و انتشار وسیع آن، اختلاف‌نظرهایی در مورد ریشه‌ها و مسائل اساسی آن ایجاد شده است: مفهوم نظام ملی نوآوری چیست و چگونه توسعه پیدا کرده است؟ هسته اصلی نظری آن چیست؟ چرا استفاده از آن برای سیاست‌گذاری نوآوری مفید است؟ رویکردهای مختلف به این مفهوم برای سیاست‌گذاری کدام است؟ چگونه نظام ملی نوآوری با سیاست‌های علم، فناوری و نوآوری ارتباط پیدا می‌کند؟ چگونه می‌توان این مفهوم را برای کشورهای در حال توسعه به کار گرفت؟ چالش‌ها و محدودیت‌های اصلی در کاربرد نظام ملی نوآوری چیست؟ مقاله حاضر تلاش می‌کند ضمن بررسی ریشه‌های این مفاهیم، تجزیه و تحلیل عمیقی از سؤالات فوق ارائه دهد. در انتها نیز کاربرد مفاهیم توضیح داده شده برای ایران مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

National Innovation System and Its Role in Improving Science, Technology and Innovation Policies

نویسنده [English]

  • Syed Iman Miremadi
Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

It has been about three decades since the formation of the concept of national innovation system and today it has become widely spread among policy makers as well as among scholars in science, technology and innovation all over the world. During its rapid growth and widespread, some disagreements about its basic and fundamental issues have been created. What is a national system of innovation? How has it developed? What is the theoretical core of the concept? Who makes use of it? Why is it useful for policy making? How can it be applied to developing countries? What are its main limitations? The present study tries to give a depth analysis of all these questions. Finally, in order to illustrate the application of the concept, Iran is selected for an analysis at national level.
Keywords:
National Innovation System, Innovation Policy, Innovation Models
It has been about three decades since the formation of the concept of national innovation system and today it has become widely spread among policy makers as well as among scholars in science, technology and innovation all over the world. During its rapid growth and widespread, some disagreements about its basic and fundamental issues have been created. What is a national system of innovation? How has it developed? What is the theoretical core of the concept? Who makes use of it? Why is it useful for policy making? How can it be applied to developing countries? What are its main limitations? The present study tries to give a depth analysis of all these questions. Finally, in order to illustrate the application of the concept, Iran is selected for an analysis at national level.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • National Innovation System
  • innovation policy
  • Innovation models
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