هوشمندی راهبردی در سیاست‌گذاری علم، فناوری و نوآوری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم و فناوری اطلاعات ایران (ایرانداک)، تهران

2 استادیار مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران

چکیده

دوره حاضر که عصر اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان نام دارد با تغییرات سریع و فزاینده در دانش بشری و عرصه‌های مختلف اجتماعی، اقتصادی، صنعتی، سیاسی و فناورانه روبروست. مواجهه با چنین شرایطی، مستلزم هوشیاری و واکنش‌های پیش‌دستانه سیاست‌گذاران علم، فناوری و نوآوری نسبت به تغییرات و پیشامدهای آتی، پیشرفت‌های مختلف فناوری و تأثیرات بلندمدت آنهاست. هوشمندی راهبردی در سیاست‌گذاری از طریق فرآیند منظم جستجو و پردازش، خلق، حفاظت و اشاعه اطلاعات معطوف به تصمیم‌گیری و انتقال آنها به فرد مناسب در زمان مناسب، با ایجاد هوشیاری در سیاست‌گذاران نقش مؤثری را در این خصوص بازی می‌کند که به عنوان یک مفهوم علمی در پیشینه این حوزه تاکنون به صورتی منسجم در ایران مورد توجه قرار نگرفته است. مطالعه حاضر به دنبال واکاوی مفهوم فوق و ابزارهای آن بوده و در این راستا، ارتباط هوشمندی راهبردی با سیاست‌گذاری از سه منظر پنجره فرصت، روشنی اهداف و حقانیت شواهد تشریح شده است. همچنین ابزارهای مهم هوشمندی نظیر آینده‌نگاری علم و فناوری، پیش‌بینی فناوری و نیز ارزیابی فناوری به همراه جایگاه آنها در گام‌های مختلف سیاست‌گذاری تبیین شده است. در نهایت نیز به منظور تصریح نقش هوشمندی راهبردی در سیاست‌گذاری یک نمونه داخلی برای آن معرفی شده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategic Intelligence in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Making (STI)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Leila Namdarian 1
  • Reza Naghizadeh 2
1 Assistant Professor, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, National Resaerch Institute for Science Policy (NRISP), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present age, known as the knowledge based economy, is facing rapid and growing changes in human knowledge and in various social, economic, industrial, political and technological fields. Facing such conditions requires the intelligence and active reaction of STI policymakers to future developments, technological advancements, and their long-term effects. Strategic policy intelligence (SPI) plays an effective role in creating awareness of STI policymakers through the, process, diffuse and protect information in order to make it available to the right person at the right time. SPI has not been considered in a coherent way as a scientific concept in the literature in Iran. In order to fill this gap, this paper seeks to study this concept and its tools. In this regard, strategic intelligence (SI) relation with policy is described from three perspectives of the window of opportunity, Clarity of purpose and legitimacy of policy evidence. Then important SPI tools as foresight, technology forcasting, technology assessment and their application in various policy steps are explained. Finally, in order to emphasize the role of strategic intelligence in policy making, the Iranian case has been introduced.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Intelligence
  • STI Policy Making
  • Foresight
  • Technology Forcasting
  • Technology Assessment
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