ارزیابی اثرات تحریم‌های بین‌المللی بر توسعه نظام نوآوری فتوولتائیک در ایران

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، سازمان پژوهش‌های علمی و صنعتی ایران

2 دانشیار پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوری‌های نوین، سازمان پژوهش‌های علمی و صنعتی ایران

3 استادیار پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوریهای نوین سازمان پژوهشهای علمی و صنعتی ایران

چکیده

تحریم‌های اعمال‌شده علیه ایران از جنبه‌های مختلف بر کشور اثرگذار بوده لیکن عمده ارزیابی‌های انجام‌شده تاکنون در خصوص آثار تحریم‌ها، در حوزه تجارت و اقتصاد بوده و پژوهش‌های معدودی اثر تحریم‌ها بر حوزه علم و فناوری را بررسی کرده‌اند. هدف این مقاله، ارزیابی چگونگی اثرگذاری تحریم‌های بین‌المللی بر توسعه نظام نوآوری فناوری فتوولتائیک در ایران است. چارچوب ارزیابی این مقاله، به صورت نوآورانه و بر اساس نظریه‌های بین‌المللی‌سازی نظام نوآوری فناورانه طراحی شده که برای ارزیابی، ابتدا نظرات ۳۲ تن از خبرگان از طریق پرسشنامه جمع‌آوری و سپس با پنج تن از خبرگان، مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته انجام شده است. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که تحریم‌های بین‌المللی در اکثر کارکردهای نظام نوآوری فناورانه حوزه هدف، دارای اثرات مهمی بوده و کارکرد بسیج منابع بیش از سایر کارکردها تحت تأثیر تحریم‌ها، تضعیف شده است. همچنین تحریم‌های بین‌المللی باعث شده در سطح کارکرد هدایت تحقیق، نگاه محدودی به بُعد فراملی وجود داشته باشد و یکپارچگی و هماهنگی جهانی در پیشبرد کارکردها و همچنین جایگاه کشور در زنجیره جهانی ارزش در نظر گرفته نشود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Assessment of International Sanctions on Photovoltaic Innovation System of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Javad Dehghan Ashkezari 1
  • Tahereh Miremadi 2
  • Ghasem RamezanpourNargesi 3
1 Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Modern Technologies Studies, IROST, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor Faculty of Modern Technologies Studies IROST Tehran Iran
چکیده [English]

The sanctions against Iran have affected the country in many respects, but most of the assessments carried out so far have been in the field of trade and economics and a few studies have examined the impact of sanctions on science and technology. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of international sanctions on the development of the photovoltaic technological innovation system in Iran. The evaluation framework of this paper is innovatively based on the theories of internationalization of the technological innovation system. 32 respondents answered the questionnaire and then semi-structured interviews were conducted with 5 experts. The results of the evaluation show that international sanctions have significant effects on most of the functions of the photovoltaic innovation system. The "resource mobilization" function has been weakened more than other functions due to sanctions. Also in "research guidance" function, international sanctions have led to a narrower attitude to the transnational dimension and the global integration and coordination are not considered in fulfilment of functions and there is no look at the status of the country in the global value chain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sanction
  • Technological Innovation System
  • Internationalization
  • International Dimension
  • Photovolta
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