تحلیل سیاست‌های مورد تأکید اسناد فرادستی در مقابله با فساد دانشگاهی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران

3 دانشیار گروه اجتماعی دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی دانشگاه تهران

4 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری دانشگاه تهران

10.22034/jstp.2018.10.3.539488

چکیده

فساد در آموزش عالی پدیده‌ای است که نظام‌های آموزشی همواره با آن درگیر و هزینه‌های هنگفتی بابت آن پرداخته‌اند و هدف مقاله حاضر تدوین یک الگوی دانشگاهی عاری از فساد بر مبنای اسناد فرادستی و قوانین و مقررات نظام آموزش عالی ایران است که در پرتو آن رسالت کلیدی این نظام پیگیری شده و ارتقاء کیفیت آن نیز تأمین شود. این پژوهش از نوع کاربردی و روش تحقیق آن کیفی می‌باشد. در تحلیل یافته‌ها از روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی بهره گرفته شده و با رویکرد استقرایی، محتوای متنی اسناد فرادستی آموزش عالی به عنوان راهبردهای ابلاغی، تحلیل و مفاهیم در قالب کدهای باز و محوری استخراج شدند. ابتدا نمونه‌ای 77تایی از مجموعه قوانین آموزش عالی به صورت غیراحتمالی و هدفمند انتخاب و به واسطه آنها گونه‌شناسی قوانین نظام آموزش عالی ارائه و سپس با تحلیل محتوای 7 سند فرادستی منتخب آموزش عالی و استخراج گزاره‌های الزام‌آور برای دانشگاه‌ها، 19 مفهوم اصلی استخراج شد. مفاهیم استخراج‌شده در قالب چهار رویکرد گروه‌بندی شده‌اند: رویکرد مدیریتی و سیاست‌گذاری در آموزش عالی، تأمین منابع مالی و زیرساختی، تربیت نیروی انسانی متعهد و متخصص و همچنین اجرای سیاست که پایش و ارزیابی آنها الگویی برآمده از معیارهای اسناد فرادستی آموزش عالی را پدید آورده است. در انتها نیز پیشنهاداتی جهت اجرایی شدن الگوی استخراج‌شده مطرح شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Iran’s Policy Documents against Academic Corruption

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Ghaedi 1
  • Mehrdad Madhoushi 2
  • Nader Razeghi 3
  • Abdolhamid Safaei 4
1 PhD Student of Science and Technology Policy University of Mazandaran Babolsar Iran
2 Professor of Industrial Management, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Sociology University of Mazandaran Babolsar Iran
4 Associate Professor of Industrial Management University of Mazandaran Babolsar Iran
چکیده [English]

Since corruption in higher education is a pervasive phenomenon that educational systems have always been involved with and paid heavily for it, The purpose of the present study is formulating a non-corruption university model based on upstream documents and the laws and regulations of the higher education system in order to pursue the key mission of the higher education system and to improve its quality. This study is an applied research that has been done through qualitative content analysis method and based on the deductive approach of textual content, upstream documents related to higher education are analyzed as communicated strategies, and corresponding concepts are derived in the form of open and axial codes. In the first section, 77 examples of the set of laws on higher education in the country were selected through non-probabilistic and targeted sampling, so a typology of the rules of the higher education system was presented. In the second section, by analyzing the content of the 7 upstream documents of higher education, and deriving of the obligatory statements for universities and institutes, 19 main codes are extracted and grouped in four axes. These are: management and policy approach in higher education, providing infrastructure and financial resources, training of committed and expert human resources and policy implementation, which monitoring and evaluation of these has led to a model based on the standards of upstream documents in higher education. Finally, some suggestions for implementing this model are proposed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Corruption
  • Upstream documents
  • Higher education
  • Policies
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