بین‌المللی‌سازی راهبردی در بنگاه‌های دانش‌بنیان جدید در ایران: موردکاوی فرآیندی با هدف خلق دانش کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

بین‌المللی‌سازی راهبردی در بنگاه‌های دانش‌بنیان جدید در بستر در حال توسعه، هم یک ضرورت است و هم یک چالش عمده نیازمند مطالعات عمیق فرآیندی که به خلق دانش کاربردی در این خصوص برای مدیران و سیاست‌گذاران منجر شود. این تحقیق به دنبال یافتن پاسخ این سؤال است که چگونه یک بنگاه دانش‌بنیان جدید در بستر در حال توسعه می‌تواند بر چالش‌های بین‌المللی شدن غلبه کند و چگونه می‌توان حاصل مطالعات فرآیندی در این خصوص را در قالب دانش کاربردی ارائه داد. در این پژوهش با یک مطالعه موردی یگانه طولی، فرآیند بین‌المللی‌سازی از جنبه‌های مختلف و با لحاظ تأثیرات زمینه‌ای و بافتی در یک بنگاه نمونه مورد واکاوی قرار گرفته است. همچنین مدلی تجویزی برای بین‌المللی‌سازی راهبردی بنگاه‌های دانش‌بنیان جدید در بافت یک کشور در حال توسعه استخراج و پیامدهای مدیریتی و سیاست‌گذاری آن مورد بحث قرار گرفته است. آزمایش هم‌زمان مدل‌های متفاوت کسب‌وکار در بافت‌های مختلف، همراه با پذیرش انعطاف در مدل حاکمیتی و مالکیتی بنگاه، اجزاء کلیدی مدل حاصل می‌باشند. برای ارزیابی روایی تحقیق از منابع چندگانه برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها استفاده شده و مشاهده مشارکتی نیز منجر به درک عمیق‌تر پدیده در بافت واقعی آن شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Strategic Internationalization of Knowledge Based New Ventures in Iran: a Longitudinal Case Study Aiming at Creation of Actionable Knowledge

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behrouz Zarei 1
  • Ali Marjovi 2
1 Associate Professor, Entrepreneurship Faculty, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D Candidate, Entrepreneurship Faculty, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Strategic internationalization in new knowledge-based firms in developing countries is a necessity as well as a serious challenge. Undestanding how such companies internationalize in a developing context is theoretically and practically important but there are no deep process studies of the phenomenon which provide actionable knowledge for entrepreneurs and policy makers. This paper seeks to find out how a new knowledge-based firm in developing context can overcome challenges of internationalization and how the result of related process oriented case studies can be presented in actionable frameworks. In the study, through a longitutdinal single case study, the process of internationalization of a sample firm is anlyzed from different aspects considering the effects of its context. As a result, a prescriptive model for strategic internationalization of such firms in the mentioned context has been suggested and it’s managerial and policy implications are discussed. Concurrent experimentation of different contexts and various business models along with flexibility in ownership and governance are key findings of the study which are reflected in the proposed model. To enhance the validity of the research, multiple sources of data have been used. Partcipative observation has led to deeper and more precise analysis of the phenomenon.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Early Internationalization
  • Strategic Internationalization
  • Knowldge-Based Firms
  • Nanotechnology
  • Pr
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