همپایی دوسطحی در صنعت ساخت نیروگاه های حرارتی ایران

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده مکانیک، دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

شرکت‌های متأخر برای همپایی بایستی شکاف‌های فناوری، مدیریت و بازاریابی با شرکت‌های پیشرو را ترمیم کنند. به نظر می‌رسد در گروه‌های صنعتی بزرگ که به تولید سامانه‌ها و محصولات پیچیده می‌پردازند توانمندی‌های متفاوتی در سطوح مختلف گروه برای ترمیم فواصل موجود با شرکت‌های پیشرو شکل می‌گیرد. در این مقاله، همپایی گروه مپنا در صنعت ساخت نیروگاه‌های حرارتی بررسی شده که نتایج نشان می‌دهد همپایی در سطح گروه برای پُرکردن شکاف‌های ذکرشده با پیچیدگی‌های قابل توجهی همراه بوده ولی همپایی فناورانه در سطح واحدهای تولیدی به عنوان بخشی کلیدی و قابل افراز از همپایی در گروه با برخی مدل‌های کلاسیک همپایی شباهت‌های قابل توجهی داشت. نقش و اهمیت اهرم کردن یادگیری از طریق همکاری‌های فناورانه در کنار تلاش‌های داخلی هدفمند برای پُرکردن سه شکاف مدیریت، بازاریابی و فناوری نیز در گروه مپنا بررسی شده است. نتایج این تحقیق می‌تواند به عنوان راهنمایی برای همپایی در گروه‌های صنعتی بزرگ مدنظر قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Two Level Catch-up in Iran Thermal Power Plant Manufacturing Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Zarvan Shahrzad 1
  • Mohsen Hamedi 2
  • Mehdi Mohammadi 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Technology Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Latecomers should fill technology, management and marketing gaps in order to catch-up with leading companies. It seems that in large industrial groups, that produces complex systems and products, different capabilities at different levels are formed to fill the gaps with the leading companies. In this research Mapna Group Catch-up in thermal power plant manufacturing industry was investigated. The results show that catch-up at group level encountered considerable complexity, but technological catch-up at factory level as a separable part of group catch-up had significant similarities with classic models. The role and importance of leveraging learning from technological cooperation along with internal targeted efforts in Mapna Group catch-up was also studied. The results can be used as a guide for large industrial group catch-up.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Catch-up
  • Latecomer Firm
  • Technological Gap
  • Management Gap
  • Marketing Gap
[1] Soete, L. (1996). The Challenges of Innovation. The IPTS Report Seville.

[2] Radosevic, S. (1999). International technology transfer and catch-up in economic development. Edward Elgar Publishing.

[3] Mokyr, J. (1990). The lever of riches: Technological creativity and economic progress. Oxford University Press.

[4] Sandberg, M. (1992). Learning from capitalists: A Study of Soviet Assimilation of Western Technology. Goteborg: Almquist and Wirksell International.

[5] Sohn, E., Chang, S. Y., & Song, J. (2009). Technological catching-up and latecomer strategy: A case study of the Asian shipbuilding industry.

[6] Lee, J., Lee, J., & Lee, H. (2003). Exploration and exploitation in the presence of network externalities. Management Science, 49(4), 553-570.

[7] Perez, C., & Soete, L. (1988). Catching up in technology and windows of opportunity, in Technical Changeand Economic Theory. Editor: Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G., & Soete, L. Pinter Publishers: London/New York. pp. 458–479.

[8] Kim, L. (1997). Imitation to innovation: The dynamics of Korea's technological learning. Harvard Business Press.

[9] Song, J., Almeida, P., & Wu, G. (2001). Mobility of engineers and cross-border knowledge building: The technological catching-up case of Korean and Taiwanese semiconductor firms. In Comparative Studies of Technological Evolution (pp. 59-84). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

[10] Lee, K., & Lim, C. (2001). Technological regimes, catching-up and leapfrogging: findings from the Korean industries. Research policy, 30(3), 459-483.

[11] Hobday, M. (1995). East Asian latecomer firms: learning the technology of electronics. World development, 23(7), 1171-1193.

[12] Gao, X. (2014). A latecomer's strategy to promote a technology standard: The case of Datang and TD-SCDMA. Research Policy, 43(3), 597-607.

[13] Dosi, G., Nelson, R., & Winter, S. (Eds.). (2001). The nature and dynamics of organizational capabilities. OUP Oxford.

[14] Xu, B. (2000). Multinational enterprises, technology diffusion, and host country productivity growth. Journal of development economics, 62(2), 477-493.

[15] Griffith, R., Redding, S., & Van Reenen, J. (2004). Mapping the two faces of R&D: Productivity growth in a panel of OECD industries. Review of economics and statistics, 86(4), 883-895.

[16] Li, X. (2011). Sources of external technology, absorptive capacity, and innovation capability in Chinese state-owned high-tech enterprises. World Development, 39(7), 1240-1248.

[17] Fu, X., & Gong, Y. (2011). Indigenous and foreign innovation efforts and drivers of technological upgrading: evidence from China. World development, 39(7), 1213-1225.

[18] Majidpour, M. (2016). International technology transfer and the dynamics of complementarity: a new approach. Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

[19] Kiamehr, M., Hobday, M., & Hamedi, M. (2015). Latecomer firm strategies in complex product systems (CoPS): The case of Iran’s thermal electricity generation systems. Research Policy, 44(6), 1240-1251.

[20] کیامهر، مهدی. (1392). توانمندی‌های فناورانه عرضه کالاهای سرمایه‌ای پیچیده در کشورهای در حال توسعه: مطالعه موردی یک شرکت در صنعت برقابی ایران. فصلنامه علمی-پژوهشی سیاست علم و فناوری، 6(1)، 67-80.

[21] Kiamehr, M., Hobday, M., & Kermanshah, A. (2014). Latecomer systems integration capability in complex capital goods: the case of Iran’s electricity generation systems. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23(3), 689-716.

[22] Kim, L. (1998). Crisis construction and organizational learning: Capability building in catching-up at Hyundai Motor. Organization science, 9(4), 506-521.

[23] Lee, J. J., & Yoon, H. (2015). A comparative study of technological learning and organizational capability development in complex products systems: Distinctive paths of three latecomers in military aircraft industry. Research Policy, 44(7), 1296-1313.

[24] Kim, L. (1999). Building technological capability for industrialization: analytical frameworks and Korea's experience. Industrial and corporate change, 8(1), 111-136.

[25] بازرگان، عباس. (1391). مقدمه‌ای بر روش‌های تحقیق کیفی و آمیخته. تهران: نشر دیدار.

[26] Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research: Design and methods. Sage publications.

[27] He, X., & Mu, Q. (2012). How Chinese firms learn technology from transnational corporations: A comparison of the telecommunication and automobile industries. Journal of Asian Economics, 23(3), 270-287.

[28] Aitken, B. J., & Harrison, A. E. (1999). Do domestic firms benefit from direct foreign investment? Evidence from Venezuela. American economic review, 605-618.

[29] Dyer, J. H., & Nobeoka, K. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: the Toyota case. Strategic management journal, 345-367.

[30] Goldstein, A. (2002). EMBRAER: From national champion to global player. Cepal Review, 77, 97-115.

[31] Saunders, P. C., & Wiseman, J. K. (2011). Buy, Build, Or Steal: China's Quest for Advanced Military Aviation Technologies. NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES.

[32] Powell, W. W., White, D. R., Koput, K. W., & Owen-Smith, J. (2005). Network dynamics and field evolution: The growth of interorganizational collaboration in the life sciences 1. American journal of sociology, 110(4), 1132-1205.

[33] Majidpour, M. (2012). Heavy duty gas turbines in Iran, India and China: Do national energy policies drive the industries?. Energy policy, 41, 723-732.

[34] Fu, X., Pietrobelli, C., & Soete, L. (2011). The role of foreign technology and indigenous innovation in the emerging economies: technological change and catching-up. World development, 39(7), 1204-1212.

[35] Hoekman, B. M., Maskus, K. E., & Saggi, K. (2005). Transfer of technology to developing countries: unilateral and multilateral policy options. World Development, 33(10), 1587-1602.