عنوان مقاله [English]
Science and technology parks, which could result in accelerating growth and sustainable development of regions, play a key role in technological and scientific planning of the country. The modern science and technology planning theories emphasize the necessity of creating science and technology parks, which are based on the region’s natural resource endowments and technological capabilities. However, neither criteria nor principles in planning and designing these parks have been proposed. In this paper, given the unique features of Mazandaran, which has a natural resource based economy, we propose different principles for planning, designing, and implementing the science and technology parks. The principles of the planning and designing are codified in framework of the vision statement and full flow process of production in the parks by recognizing the concepts related to regional development, as well as identifying the regional advantages using the scientific methods and the regional comparative advantages.The results have shown that it is possible to provide different strategies of planning and designate for technology and science parks with respect to the social, economic, spatial, environmental, and temporal variables for a natural resource based economy. The strategies have been categorized in five areas: Economic, management, environmental-physical, social-cultural, and science & technology, and objective goals have been presented.