نسخه متنی مقاله

ارزیابی برخی از مدل‌های نوآوری از منظر میزان هماهنگی با اهداف عدالت اجتماعی

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نویسندگان:
  • زهرا  ابوالحسنی

  • عليرضا حسن زاده

  • سيد سپهر قاضي نوري

  • علی اصغر  پورعزت

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  • زهرا  ابوالحسنی

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  • عليرضا حسن زاده

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  • سيد سپهر قاضي نوري

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  • علی اصغر  پورعزت

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بی توجهی مدل‌ها و سیاست‌های متعارف نوآوری به دغدغه‌های اجتماعی و یا مسائل زیست محیطی، در کنار اهمیت یافتن عدالت اجتماعی در میان سایر اهداف توسعه، لزوم ارزیابی مدل‌های نوآوری بر اساس میزان هماهنگی آن‌ها با اهداف عدالت را توجیه می‌کند. این مقاله با استفاده از روش تحلیل مضمونی، چارچوبی برای ارزیابی میزان هماهنگی مدل‌های نوآوری با عدالت اجتماعی ارائه کرده و به وسیله آن دو مدل خطی نوآوری و رویکرد گسترده به نظام ملی نوآوری را ارزیابی و مقایسه کرده است. نتیجه این ارزیابی نشان می‌دهد که اگرچه هیچ یک از این مدل‌ها هماهنگی کاملی با اهداف عدالت اجتماعی ندارند، اما هر یک از آن‌ها در برخی از موارد با معیارهای ارائه شده برای ارزیابی مدل‌های نوآوری، انطباق بیشتری دارند. اگرچه بی توجهی مدل خطی نوآوری و نگاه نئوکلاسیک به نابرابری در دستاوردها باعث می‌شود تا علیرغم تمامی ضعف‌های نظام ملی نوآوری گسترده در هماهنگی با معیارهای عدالت، این نظام به عنوان مدلی که دارای ظرفیت‌های بیشتری برای توجه به دغدغه عدالت اجتماعی است شناسایی شود.

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