نسخه متنی مقاله

خط مشی توسعه پارک‌های علمی در مناطق دارای نوآوری کمتر از حد انتظار

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  • پريسا رياحی

  • غلامعلی فرجادی

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  • پريسا رياحی

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    تلفن محل کار:
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  • غلامعلی فرجادی

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امروزه ايجاد پارک­هاي علمي يکي از استراتژي­هاي اساسي توسعة کسب­وکار منطقه­اي و ايجاد نواحي نوآور به شمار مي‌رود. براي توسعة پارک­هاي علمي، اغلب از نظريه­هاي مربوط به نواحي نوآور  استفاده مي­شود و توانمندي‌ها و ضعف‌هاي ناحيه کمتر به‌حساب مي‌آيد. از آنجا که پارک‌هاي علمي بخشي از زنجيرة نظام نوآوري ملي/ منطقه­اي هستند، مي­توان ادعا کرد که خط­مشي­هاي توسعة پارک­ها بايد با خط­مشي توسعة نوآوري ناحية ميزبان آنها همخوان باشد. در اين مقاله فرض بر آن است که خط­مشي­هاي نوآوري در مناطق داراي نوآوري کمتر از حد انتظار، مي­توانند رهنمود مناسبي براي توسعه پارک­هاي علمي ايران به­دست دهند.

اين مقاله، با مرور آثار و متون پژوهشي اين دوره، موانع نوآوري در مناطق مختلف و خط­مشي­هاي ارتقاي نوآوري در نواحي کمتر نوآور را با هدف تعميم آنها به توسعة پارک­­­هاي علمي بررسي مي­کند. سپس با توجه به داده‌هاي مرتبط با  نوآوري، استان­هاي ايران را به سه گروه ناحية شهري گسسته (شامل دو استان)، ناحية صنعتي قفل‌شده (شامل هشت استان) و ناحية جانبي (شامل 18 استان) دسته­بندي مي‌کند و خط­مشي­هاي مناسبي براي توسعة پارک­هاي علمي در اين مناطق پيشنهاد مي‌دهد

Policies for development of science parks in less-innovative regions AWT-SEP خط مشی توسعه پارک‌های علمی در مناطق دارای نوآوری کمتر از حد انتظار AWT-SEP Nowadays, the establishment of science parks is a basic strategy for promotion of regional businesses and establishing innovative regions. Policy makers often utilize theories of innovative regions and count less on local points of strength and weaknesses. Science parks are part of national/regional innovation systems, so it seems rational to expect that the development policies for such parks should have a consistency with the development policy of the host regions. The assumption in this paper is that regional innovation policies which suitable for less-innovative regions serveay good guides for the development of science parks of Iran. In this paper, the literature on innovation barriers and various policies suggested for less-innovative regions are studied, with the aim of extending these to science parks. Iran is provinces are clustered on the basis of innovation-related data,. Three groups of clusters are identified: fragmented metropolitan regions (including two provinces), locked-in industrial regions (including eight provinces) and peripheral regions (including 18 provinces). Finally, for each of these, some science park development policies are suggested. Keywords: Regional economic development, Science parks, Innovative regions, Innovation policy. AWT-SEP AWT-SEP پريسا رياحی غلامعلی فرجادی AWT-SEP $Policies for development of science parks in less-innovative regions AWT-SEP خط مشی توسعه پارک‌های علمی در مناطق دارای نوآوری کمتر از حد انتظار AWT-SEP Nowadays, the establishment of science parks is a basic strategy for promotion of regional businesses and establishing innovative regions. Policy makers often utilize theories of innovative regions and count less on local points of strength and weaknesses. Science parks are part of national/regional innovation systems, so it seems rational to expect that the development policies for such parks should have a consistency with the development policy of the host regions. The assumption in this paper is that regional innovation policies which suitable for less-innovative regions serveay good guides for the development of science parks of Iran. In this paper, the literature on innovation barriers and various policies suggested for less-innovative regions are studied, with the aim of extending these to science parks. Iran is provinces are clustered on the basis of innovation-related data,. Three groups of clusters are identified: fragmented metropolitan regions (including two provinces), locked-in industrial regions (including eight provinces) and peripheral regions (including 18 provinces). Finally, for each of these, some science park development policies are suggested. Keywords: Regional economic development, Science parks, Innovative regions, Innovation policy. AWT-SEP AWT-SEP پريسا رياحی غلامعلی فرجادی AWT-SEP AWT-SEP خط مشی توسعه پارک‌های علمی در مناطق دارای نوآوری کمتر از حد انتظار AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP

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