نسخه متنی مقاله

کارآفرينی دانشگاهی و تجاری سازی نتايج تحقيقات در دانشگاههای ايران

اطلاعات مقاله:
نویسندگان:
  • بهمن فكور

  • حجت ا... حاجی حسينی

اطلاعات تماس:
  • بهمن فكور

    Affiliation:
    آدرس محل کار:
    تلفن محل کار:
    فکس:
    پست الکترونیک: bfakour@gmail.com
  • حجت ا... حاجی حسينی

    Affiliation:
    آدرس محل کار:
    تلفن محل کار:
    فکس:
    پست الکترونیک:
متن:

اين مقاله با بررسي عوامل تاثيرگذار در رويكرد دانشگاه ها به دانشگاه كارآفرين، تعريف و مفهوم دانشگاه كارآفرين را مورد جستجو قرار داده و مصاديق فعاليت هاي كارآفريني دانشگاهي را روشن مي سازد. سپس نتايج مطالعه موردی فعالیت‎های كارآفريني دانشگاهی و تجاری‎سازي نتایج تحقیقات در هفت دانشگاه مهم کشور را ارائه مي دهد. مطالعه شامل بررسی وضعیت نهاد عامل، پرسنل تخصیص یافته به آنها، فرآیند كاري تعریف شده و نهایتاً عملکرد سال 85 در مورد چهار فعّالیت زیر مي‎باشد: ثبت و حفاظت حقوقی از نتایج تحقیقات، لیسانس‎دهي و انتقال حقوق مالكيت نتایج تحقیقات، تشكيل شرکت‎های انشعابی دانشگاهی، انجام تحقیقات مشترک و قراردادی با صنعت و سایر سازمان ها.  فعالیت‎های انتخاب شده به عنوان مصادیق كارآفريني دانشگاهی و فعالیت‎های ذیربط با تجاری‎سازي نتایج تحقیقات ، مورد اتفاق نظر صاحب‎نظران و محققین این زمینه مي‎باشند. نتایج حاصل از مطالعه نشان مي‎دهد كه در دانشگاه‎های مورد مطالعه، انجام تحقیقات مشترک و قراردادی با صنعت از وضعیت تثبیت شده‎ای برخوردار است و ثبت و حفاظت حقوقی  از نتایج تحقیقات اخيراً مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. ولی ساير فعالیت‎ها نظیر لیسانس‎دهي و انتقال حقوق مالكيت نتایج تحقیقات و تشكيل شرکت‎های انشعابی دانشگاهی هنوز رايج نمي‎باشند.

Academic Entrepreneurship and commercialization of research results in Iranian universities (Case study of seven Iranian universities) AWT-SEP کارآفرينی دانشگاهی و تجاری سازی نتايج تحقيقات در دانشگاههای ايران AWT-SEP This paper reviews the factors affecting universities approaching to academic entrepreneurship and search to clarify the concept of entrepreneurial university. The paper is based on a case study done on academic entrepreneurship and research commercialization in the seven major Iranian universities. The study investigated the current situation of four important activities: protection of university IPs, licensing and transferring of university IPRs, establishment of university Spin-off Companies, contract research with industry and other organizations, with respect to : the acting organization, the personnel engaged, the work process and performance of these activities in 2006 with in the surveyed universities . The mentioned four selected activities within the framework of this study are consistence to academic entrepreneurship and research commercialization literature. The paper concludes that the process of IPs protection in the universities is recently being established. Contract research with industry is maintained but other activities like licensing and creation of Spin-off Companies has yet to be materialized. AWT-SEP AWT-SEP بهمن فکور حجت ا... حاجی حسينی AWT-SEP $Academic Entrepreneurship and commercialization of research results in Iranian universities (Case study of seven Iranian universities) AWT-SEP کارآفرينی دانشگاهی و تجاری سازی نتايج تحقيقات در دانشگاههای ايران AWT-SEP This paper reviews the factors affecting universities approaching to academic entrepreneurship and search to clarify the concept of entrepreneurial university. The paper is based on a case study done on academic entrepreneurship and research commercialization in the seven major Iranian universities. The study investigated the current situation of four important activities: protection of university IPs, licensing and transferring of university IPRs, establishment of university Spin-off Companies, contract research with industry and other organizations, with respect to : the acting organization, the personnel engaged, the work process and performance of these activities in 2006 with in the surveyed universities . The mentioned four selected activities within the framework of this study are consistence to academic entrepreneurship and research commercialization literature. The paper concludes that the process of IPs protection in the universities is recently being established. Contract research with industry is maintained but other activities like licensing and creation of Spin-off Companies has yet to be materialized. AWT-SEP AWT-SEP بهمن فکور حجت ا... حاجی حسينی AWT-SEP AWT-SEP کارآفرينی دانشگاهی و تجاری سازی نتايج تحقيقات در دانشگاههای ايران AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP AWT-SEP

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